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How Many National Park in Uttarakhand (2024) | Visiting Place

National park in Uttarakhand

Uttarakhand is a state located in the northern part of India and is home to some of the most beautiful and biodiverse national parks in the country. The state boasts several national parks, each with its unique flora and fauna, making it a popular destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts.

The national parks in Uttarakhand are spread across various regions and altitudes, ranging from the foothills of the Himalayas to the high-altitude alpine meadows. Some of the famous national parks in Uttarakhand include:

  1. Jim Corbett National Park: Established in 1936, Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India and is located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. It is known for its rich biodiversity, including tigers, leopards, elephants, and a variety of bird species.
  2. Valley of Flowers National Park: Located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, the Valley of Flowers National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its stunning meadows of alpine flowers. It is also home to rare and endangered animals like the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, and musk deer.
  3. Nanda Devi National Park: Located in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, Nanda Devi National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is known for its stunning views of the Nanda Devi peak, the second-highest mountain peak in India. It is home to a variety of flora and fauna, including the Himalayan black bear, snow leopard, and musk deer.
  4. Gangotri National Park: Located in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand, Gangotri National Park is home to the Gangotri Glacier, which is the source of the river Ganges. The park is known for its high-altitude alpine meadows and is home to several endangered species like the Himalayan tahr, snow leopard, and musk deer.

These national parks in Uttarakhand attract thousands of tourists every year and offer a unique and unforgettable experience to visitors.

How Many National Parks in Uttarakhand?

National park in Uttarakhand Location

National park in Uttarakhand Location View

There are a total of six national parks in Uttarakhand. These national parks are:

  1. Jim Corbett National Park
  2. Gangotri National Park
  3. Nanda Devi National Park
  4. Valley of Flowers National Park
  5. Rajaji National Park
  6. Govind Pashu Vihar National Park

All these national parks are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna and offer unique experiences to visitors. From the majestic tigers of Jim Corbett National Park to the stunning alpine flowers of Valley of Flowers National Park, each national park in Uttarakhand has its charm and beauty.

National Park in Uttarakhand with Map

1. JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park Bangal Tiger

Jim Corbett National Park is a national park in India located in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand state. The first national park in India, it was established in 1936 during the British Raj and named Hailey National Park after William Malcolm Hailey, a governor of the United Provinces in where it was then located. In 1956, nearly a decade after India’s independence, it was renamed Corbett National Park after the hunter and naturalist Jim Corbett, who had played a leading role in its establishment and had died the year before. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.

The park covers an area of 520 square kilometers and is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna. It is famous for its population of Bengal tigers, which are one of the most endangered species in the world. Other animals found in the park include Asian elephants, sloth bears, langurs, deer, wild boars, and various species of birds.

The park is divided into five zones, each with its entry gate and restrictions. The most popular zone is Dhikala, which is known for its open grasslands and the possibility of spotting tigers. The other zones are Bijrani, Jhirna, Durga Devi, and Sonanadi. The park offers various activities for visitors, including jeep safaris, elephant safaris, and birdwatching.

In recent years, the park has faced several challenges, including encroachment, poaching, and human-wildlife conflicts. The park authorities have taken various measures to address these issues, such as relocating villagers from inside the park, setting up anti-poaching squads, and promoting eco-tourism. These efforts have helped in restoring the park’s ecological balance and preserve its natural heritage.

Jim Corbett National Park is a unique and important wildlife sanctuary in India, known for its rich biodiversity and tiger population. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts who want to experience the beauty and diversity of the Indian wilderness.
Address: Nainital District, Ramnagar, Uttarakhand 244715
Map:

2. GANGOTRI NATIONAL PARK

Gangotri National Park

Gangotri National Park Visiting Time View

 

Gangotri National Park is a national park in the Uttarkashi District of Uttarakhand in India, covering about 2,390 km2 (920 sq mi).[1] Its habitat consists of coniferous forests, alpine meadows, and glaciers. Gaumukh at Gangotri glacier, the origin of river Ganga, is located inside the park. Gangotri National Park was established in 1989.

The park is situated in the upper reaches of the Himalayas, and its landscape is characterized by high-altitude mountains, glaciers, alpine meadows, and dense forests. The park is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including several endangered species. It is also a popular destination for trekking and mountaineering.

The park is home to several mammalian species such as the snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, Himalayan musk deer, bharal, and the elusive Himalayan black bear. Other common animals found in the park include langurs, jackals, foxes, and various species of birds. The park is also home to several rare and endangered plant species, including the Himalayan blue poppy and the Himalayan spruce.

One of the main attractions of Gangotri National Park is the Gangotri Glacier, which is the second-largest glacier in India. The glacier is situated at an altitude of 4,000 meters above sea level and is about 30 kilometers long. It is the source of the Ganges river, which is considered sacred by Hindus. The glacier is surrounded by towering mountains, and the views from the glacier are breathtaking.

In recent years, Gangotri National Park has faced several challenges, including poaching, illegal logging, and climate change. The park authorities have taken various measures to address these issues, such as setting up anti-poaching squads, promoting eco-tourism, and implementing conservation programs for endangered species.

Gangotri National Park is a unique and important natural heritage site in India. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts who want to experience the beauty and diversity of the Himalayan wilderness. The park’s rugged terrain, diverse flora and fauna, and scenic beauty make it one of the most popular destinations for trekking and mountaineering in India.
Address: W5V3+2WH, Gangotri – Gaumukh Pedestrian Way, Post Taknaur Range, Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand.
Map:

3. NANDA DEVI NATIONAL PARK

Nanda Devi National Park

Nanda Devi National Park Mountain View

The Nanda Devi National Park or Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, established in 1982 is a national park situated around the peak of Nanda Devi (7816 m) in Chamoli Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, in northern India. The entire park lies at an elevation of more than 3,500 m (11,500 ft) above mean sea level.

The National Park has inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988. It was later expanded and renamed as Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks in 2005.

Within the National Park lies the Nanda Devi Sanctuary, a glacial basin surrounded by a ring of peaks between 6,0metersres (19,700 ft) and 7,500 m (24,600 ft) high, and drained by the Rishi Ganga through the Rishi Ganga Gorge, a steep almost impassable defile.

The National Park is embedded in the 2,236.74 km2 (863.61 sq mi) sized Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, which, in turn, is encompassed in the 5,148.57 km2 (1,987.87 sq mi)[2][3] buffer zone around the Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks UNESCO site.

The park is famous for its diverse and unique flora, including several species of rhododendrons, primulas, and orchids. It is also home to several rare and endangered animal species, such as the snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, and bharal. Other common animals found in the park include langurs, jackals, foxes, and various species of birds.

The Nanda Devi National Park is also famous for its several beautiful lakes, including the Roopkund Lake, Hemkund Sahib, and the Valley of Flowers. The Hemkund Sahib is a Sikh pilgrimage site, which is situated at an altitude of 4,329 meters above sea level. The Valley of Flowers is a beautiful alpine valley, which is known for its colorful flowers.
Address: Nanda Devi in Chamoli Garhwal district of Uttarakhand, in northern India.
Map: 

4. VALLEY OF FLOWERS NATIONAL PARK

Valley of Flowers National Park

Valley of Flowers National Park Romantic View

Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park that was established in 1982. It is located in Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand and is known for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and the variety of flora. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, brown bear, red fox, and blue sheep. Birds found in the park include Himalayan monal pheasant and other high-altitude birds.

At 3352 to 3658 meters above sea level, the gentle landscape of the Valley of Flowers National Park complements the rugged mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park to the east. Together, they encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and the Great Himalayas. The park stretches over an expanse of 87.50 km2 and it is about 8 km long and 2 km wide. The park lies completely in the temperate alpine zone. Both parks are encompassed in the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve (223,674 ha) which is further surrounded by a buffer zone (5,148.57 km2). Nanda Devi National Park Reserve is in the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

The park is also home to several rare and endangered animal species, such as the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, and blue sheep. Other common animals found in the park include langurs, Himalayan musk deer, and various species of birds.

In recent years, the Valley of Flowers National Park has faced several challenges, including climate change, tourism pressure, and illegal grazing. The park authorities have taken various measures to address these issues, such as setting up anti-poaching squads, promoting eco-tourism, and implementing conservation programs for endangered species.

Valley of Flowers National Park is a unique and important natural heritage site in India. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts who want to experience the beauty and diversity of the Himalayan wilderness. The park’s colorful meadows, diverse flora and fauna, and scenic beauty make it one of the most popular destinations for trekking and mountaineering in India.
Address: Uttarakhand 246443
Map:

5.RAJAJI NATIONAL PARK

Rajaji National Park

Rajaji National Park Elephant Picture

Rajaji National Park is an Indian national park and tiger reserve[1] that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas. It is spread over 820 km and includes three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun, and Pauri Garhwal. In 1983, three wildlife sanctuaries in the area namely, Chilla, Motichur, and Rajaji were merged into one.

Rajaji National Park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji), a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle, the second and last Governor-General of independent India, and one of the first recipients of India’s highest civilian award Bharat Ratna (in 1954).

The park’s landscape is characterized by dense forests, and river valleys are home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, including several endangered species. The park is known for its diverse flora, including several species of trees, shrubs, and herbs. It is also home to several rare and endangered animal species, such as the Bengal tiger, Asiatic elephant, leopard, and Himalayan black bear. Other common animals found in the park include langurs, sambar deer, wild boars, and various species of birds.

The Rajaji National Park is a unique and important natural heritage site in India. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts who want to experience the beauty and diversity of the Himalayan wilderness. The park’s diverse flora and fauna, stunning landscapes, and scenic beauty make it one of the most popular destinations for wildlife tourism in India.
Address: Chilla Hydral power Dam, Cheela Colony, Uttarakhand 249306
Map:

6. GOVIND PASHU VIHAR NATIONAL PARKGovind Pashu Vihar National Park

Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is a national park in Supin Range, near Uttarkashi town of Uttarkashi district in Uttarakhand, India established initially as a wildlife sanctuary in 1955, and was later converted into a national park. It is named after a prominent Indian freedom fighter and politician Govind Ballabh Pant, who became Home Minister in 1955 and is remembered for his achievement in establishing Hindi as an official language of India.

The park was established on 1 March 1955 and is situated in the Uttarkashi district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The park lies in the higher reaches of the Garhwal Himalayas. The total area of Govind Pashu Vihar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is 958 km2 (370 sq mi). The Snow Leopard Project started by the Government of India is being managed at this sanctuary. Also, it is one of the remaining strongholds in the Himalayas of the bearded vulture, a vital ecological catalyst.

It is home to a wide variety of flora, including several species of trees, shrubs, and medicinal plants. The park is also home to several rare and endangered animal species, such as the Himalayan black bear, snow leopard, musk deer, and bharal. Other common animals found in the park include langurs, leopards, and various species of birds.

Govind Pashu Vihar National Park is a unique and important natural heritage site in India. It is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts who want to experience the beauty and diversity of the Himalayan wilderness. The park’s stunning landscapes, diverse flora and fauna, and scenic beauty make it one of the most popular destinations for trekking and mountaineering in India.
Address: Supin Range, Uttarakhand 249128
Map: 

Frequently Asked Question

1. How many national parks are in Uttarakhand?
There are six national parks in Uttarakhand, India. These are:

  •   Jim Corbett National Park
  • Gangotri National Park
  • Nanda Devi National Park
  • Valley of Flowers National Park
  • Rajaji National Park
  • Govind Pashu Vihar National Park

2. Which is the largest national park in Uttarakhand?
The largest national park in Uttarakhand is the Gangotri National Park, which covers an area of approximately 2,390 square kilometers. It is situated in the Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand and is a part of the Himalayan biodiversity hotspot.

Conclusion

India is home to a wide range of national parks, each offering a unique and diverse experience to visitors. From the lush forests of Jim Corbett National Park to the high-altitude mountains of Govind Pashu Vihar National Park, India’s national parks offer a rich natural heritage that is a must-visit for any nature lover. These protected areas not only provide a habitat for several endangered species but also serve as a natural laboratory for scientists and researchers to study and understand the delicate balance of nature. While these parks face several challenges such as climate change, tourism pressure, and poaching, it is heartening to see the efforts taken by park authorities and conservationists to preserve and protect them for future generations.

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6 Famous National Park in Uttarakhand Visit Once 2023
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6 Famous National Park in Uttarakhand Visit Once 2023
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Uttarakhand National parks offer a rich natural heritage that is a must-visit for any nature lover. the lush forests of Jim Corbett national.
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